Anthropometric Measurements

Hazel Wilson 1 Hazel Wilson 2


These ERO documents from the “Negro-Chinese” trait file profile a young woman who was institutionalized for “truancy,” “immorality,” and teen pregnancy. After two pregnancies she was recommended for sterilization and her mental age determined to be 11 years 8 months, which the institution considered “normal for race.” Anthropometric measurements were taken of her entire body including “head width, “nose breadth,” and “ear prominence.”

Images Courtesy of the American Philosophical Society

Malaga Island: A Story Best Left Untold

Malaga Island


“In 1912, a mixed-race community of about forty-five people was evicted by the state of Maine from Malaga Island, just off the coast of Phippsburg. It was an act motivated by economics, racism, eugenics, and political retribution.

Eight islanders were committed to the Maine School for the Feeble-Minded. The remaining islanders faired as best they could after moving to the mainland. Once the island was clear, the state moved the Malaga school to another island. Then they dug up the graves and reburied the remains in the graveyard at the Maine School for the Feeble-Minded.

The Malaga community was erased.

For generations, Descendants have feared to speak about what happened to their families because of the local stigma of mixed-blood and feeble-mindedness.  Others in Phippsburg would rather forget the incident – a story best left untold, some say.

This is that story.”

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