Saul Mills Papers

Date Range: 19331989
Survey Conducted: Fri, 2008-11-14
Creator: Mills, Saul, 1910-1988.

History: Born in New York City in 1910, Saul Mills was a union activist, PR representative and journalist who worked in varying capacities with a number of newspapers, including The New York Daily News, The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, The Brooklyn Standard Union and The City News Association. Mills’ newspaper experience and his association with the noted newspaper columnist Heywood Broun gave rise to Mills’ involvement in the labor movement. In 1934, he became a charter member of Broun’s Newspaper Guild which led to Mills’ dismissal from The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Between 1936 and 1940, Mills worked as a public relations representative for CIO and AFL affiliated unions, including the Greater New York CIO Council

With the dissolution of the CIO Council in 1948, Mills entered private business. In 1949, as a representative of the Seacoast Export Corporation, Mills embarked on a six-month trip to China. After his return home, Mills entered into a business arrangement with the American-Chinese Export Corporation (owned by Frederick Vanderbilt Field). When these business enterprises were curtailed by the Korean War, Mills returned to fund raising and the health insurance field. In 1956 Mills was subpoenaed to appear before a subcommittee of the U.S. Senate Internal Security Committee. He was questioned regarding his activities while an executive member of the Greater NY CIO Council, his association with the Chinese Communists (U.N. delegates) in 1945, his 1949 trip to China, and his business affiliations with Communist sympathizer, Frederick Vanderbilt Field. Mills testified that he was not a Communist Party member, nor had he ever been, and that his relationship was as a representative of CIO Council. His 1949 trip to China was based on private financial interests, as was his business association with Frederick Fields and the American-Chinese Export Corporation. Between 1953 and 1963, Mills was Director of Development for the Long Island Jewish Hospital. In 1963 Mills became a partner with E.D. Rosenfeld Associates, Inc., a hospital and health services consulting firm. His work with the Human Resources Center during the 1960s resulted in the opening of a school for physically-challenged children. During the mid-1960s Mills participated in fund raising for two organizations associated with Martin Luther King Jr.: The Voter Education Fund, sponsored by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and the Gandhi Society for Human Rights. Mills died on 26 November 1988 after a long illness.

Summary: The collection contains correspondence, Greater New York CIO Council administrative records, and documentation of Mills’ work in health insurance, advertising, and political fund raising. Of particular significance is material which documents Mills’ travel to and observations of China during his 1949 visit as a representative of an export-import company. This material includes personal correspondence (Series I), as well as business correspondence, notes, speeches and memoranda (Series III).

Total Size: 4 linear feet, 7 boxes
APA-related Size: 0.5 linear feet, 2 boxes
Languages of materials: English
Arrangement: alphabetical
Location: Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University
Bibliographic Control: finding aid
Finding Aid Link:
Conditions Governing Access: Contact repository for detailed information on conditions governing access.

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